A book is longer a magazine. 2. American football is dangerouser than baseball. 3. This restaurant is more better than the one we ate at yesterday. 3 there is an interesting football game on sunday. 4 jason lives on thomson avenue. january is the first month of the year. Exercise 2. First published in the United States by Saddleback Educational Publishing, 3 No part of this book grammar provided by SADDLEBACK'S BASIC ENGLISH.
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Bui Chau. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher.
Did you know that the sentence was first divided into subject and verb by Plato, the famed philosopher from ancient Greece? That was about 2, years ago! Ever since then, students all over the world have found it worthwhile to study the structure of words and sentences. Because skill in speaking and writing is the hallmark of all educated people.
Lesson by lesson, this book provides basic instruction in the eight parts of speech—nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections—as well as the standard patterns of English sentences. Helpful marginal notes throughout the books have been provided to reinforce existing skills and call attention to common problem areas.
We wish you every success in your pursuit of English proficiency. It gives you an idea of what grammar is about. Read and remember it. Every name is called a noun, Pronoun As field and fountain, street and town.
Noun In place of noun the pronoun stands, As he and she can clap their hands. The adjective describes a thing, As magic wand or bridal ring. Adjective Most verbs mean action, something done, Verb To read and write, to jump and run. How things are done the adverbs tell, As quickly, slowly, badly, well. Conjunctions join, in many ways, Sentences, words, or phrase and phrase. Interjection Conjunction An exclamation point must follow me! Come here! Tom and I are good friends.
Then write the correct letter in the space above them. Exercise 2 Look at the signs on the left. Can you find the mistakes?
Write the names correctly. Common nouns are words for people, animals, places, or things. These are words for people.
English grammar pdf and word doc
They are common nouns. Put each word under its correct heading. They always begin with a capital letter. Sunday is the first day of the week. Mount means mountain. It is often used in the names of mountains.
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For example: Mount Everest Mount St. Helens The written short form for Mount is Mt. For example: Mt. Everest, Mt.
Lee is reading a book. Exercise 2 Look at the words in the box. Which ones are common nouns and which ones are proper nouns? Circle the nouns that should not be capitalized.
When you are talking about one person, animal, place, or thing, use a singular noun. Use an before words beginning with vowels a, e, i, o, u. For example, use a not an before these words that begin with u: a uniform a university 4 Use a before words beginning with the other letters of the alphabet, called consonants. Most nouns are made plural by adding -s at the end.
In that case, add -s to form the plural. Singular Plural Singular Plural calf calves loaf loaves v es f elf elves shelf shelves half halves thief thieves leaf leaves wolf wolves m ar H am f s Gr elp Often nouns that end in -f, just need -s to form the plural.
Singular Plural Singular Plural chef chefs handkerchief handkerchiefs chief chiefs roof roofs cliff cliffs sheriff sheriffs For some words that end in -f, the plural can be spelled in two different ways. Singular Plural s dwarf dwarfs or dwarves f hoof hoofs or hooves ves scarf scarfs or scarves With some words that end in -fe, you change f to v, and add -s.
Singular Plural f knife knives life lives v e s wife wives you kn id o D But you only add -s to giraffe to form the w?
basic english grammar basic english grammar - SADDLEBACK ...
Word File Singular Plural a tomato tomatoes a flamingo a potato potatoes flamingoes a hero heroes m m ar H a Gr elp With some nouns that end in -o, you can add either -s or -es to form the plural.
Instead, the word changes form. Do you know which ones are singular and which are plural? Singular Plural word pencils books fan hat children kites people crab foxes Exercise 2 Do you add -s or -es to these singular nouns to make them plural? Write your answers on the lines. Write your anwers. Singular Plural Singular Plural 1 key 6 toy 2 city 7 baby 3 butterfly 8 party 4 monkey 9 chimney 5 fly 10 lady Exercise 4 All these singular nouns end with -o.
Add either -s or -es as you write the plurals on the line. These are nouns for groups of people. For example: My family was happy to see me. Write the correct collective noun for each group of his animals. Farmer John had: a of geese a of sheep a of cattle a of horses One day a of coyotes tried to attack his animals. Farmer John yelled and waved a pitchfork to frighten them away.
Feminine nouns are words for women and girls, and female animals. Masculine Feminine actor actress brother sister emperor empress father mother gentleman lady grandfather grandmother grandson granddaughter headmaster headmistress man woman master mistress nephew niece prince princess son daughter steward stewardess uncle aunt wizard witch you kn id o Masculine nouns belong to the D w masculine gender. Feminine nouns belong to the feminine gender. Animal Male Female chicken rooster hen cattle bull cow deer buck doe donkey jack jenny duck drake duck fox fox vixen goose gander goose horse stallion mare lion lion lioness sheep ram ewe tiger tiger tigress you kn id o D Nouns that end in -ess and -ress often belong w?
Masculine Feminine 1 master 2 uncle 3 niece 4 lioness 5 tiger 6 empress 7 husband 8 son 9 mother 10 madam Exercise 2 Fill in each blank with a suitable masculine or feminine noun.
Write each word under its correct heading. There are different kinds of pronouns. Personal Pronouns The words I, you, he, she, it, we and they are called personal pronouns. They take the place of nouns and are used as the subject of the verb in a sentence.
My name is David. I am the youngest in the family. This is my father. He is a teacher. This is my mother. She is a lawyer. I have a brother and two sisters. They are Peter, Sharon and Jenny.
I have a dog. It is called Lucky. Lucky, you are a good dog. Good morning, children! You may sit down now. My family and I live in a big city. We have an apartment. They also take the place of nouns. These pronouns are used as the object of the verb in a sentence.
I am standing on my head. Look at me. My mother is kind. Everybody likes her.