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Sri Ramakrishna Math, Chennai is a monastic organisation for men brought into existence by Ramakrishna —a 19th-century saint of Bengal. The motto of the Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission is: "For one's own salvation, and for the welfare of the world". It was started in the year by Swami Ramakrishnanandaone of the direct disciples of Ramakrishna. At Madras, when devotees requested Swamiji to start a permanent center, Swamiji had said, 'I shall send you one who is more orthodox than the most orthodox Brahmins of the South and who is at the same time incomparable in performing worship, scriptural knowledge and meditation on God.
The Ice House now Vivekanandar Illamotherwise known as Castle Kernan and situated in the Triplicane sea-beach, is a three-storeyed structure owned then by a prosperous advocate, Sri Biligiri Iyengar. It was there that Swami Vivekananda had stayed on his return from the West when he was given a historic reception by the citizens of Madras. Sri Iyengar who was a good devotee, now placed the ground floor at the Swami's disposal.
Swami Ramakrishnananda moved to Ice House and started his activities. He set up a shrine for Sri Ramakrishna and would do regular worship there.
108 Upanishad Saram Volume – 1 (Tamil)
While at the Ice House, Swami Ramakrishnananda started an orphanage for the destitute children which has now grown into a large institution called Ramakrishna Mission Students Home, Mylapore.
Biligiri Iyengar, the owner of the Ice House, died in Owing to financial problems the proprietors of the Ice House building decided to auction it in He spent almost a year in that small room, until the new Math building was built at Mylapore, on a piece of land donated by a devotee. The Swami moved into the new building on 17 November This Math building constructed by Swami Ramakrishnananda no longer exists.
It was unfortunate that within 2 years after its construction, extensive cracks developed in the roof of the building. One of the cracks was above the Shrine Room, and when there was sudden rainfall one night, Swami Ramakrishnananda held an umbrella over the Master's photo in the Shrine for the whole night. Soon after Swami Ramakrishnananda left Madras and Swami Sharvananda took charge inthis building was demolished and the present two-storeyed building with a spacious front hall was constructed by Swami Brahmananda, the first president of the Ramakrishna Order and a Direct Disciple of Sri Ramakrishnawho had come on his second visit to Madras laid the foundation stone for the new Math building on 4 August Thanks to the able supervision of Sri A.
Ramalinga Iyer, superintending Engineer, the construction work progressed rapidly and on 27 April8 months later, the inauguration ceremony was performed by Swami Brahmananda himself. At his instance the building was dedicated to Swami Ramakrishnananda, who died in in Calcutta.
Swami Brahmananda stayed in this building in a room to the Southeast on the ground floor.
Aitareya Upanishadam (Tamil)
He used to walk inside the prayer Hall often touching the black stone pillars, going into high spiritual moods on several occasions. Initially the building consisted of the large hall and a few rooms only on the ground floor. Later some rooms were built on the first floor, running parallel to the either side of the prayer hall. The shrine was located upstairs but there was no partition between the altar of Sri Guru Mahraj and the meditation room in which the devotees sat.
The devotees literally sat at the feet of Sri Guru Maharaj. As this was felt inconvenient for conducting the worship, insome modifications were made in the shrine area which was moved back by a few feet and separated by bars from the meditation area. This provided much needed space both for conducting the Puja and other services at the altar and for accommodating the devotees with seating capacity of 40 in front.
A small gopuram was also added later. The prayer hall in the Old Temple was a witness to many important events.
Sri Ramakrishna Math, Chennai
Besides conducting a regular worship for 80 — plus years except for a short period during the Second World War inwhen due to the fear of the bomb threat, from the Japanese forces, the puja to the sacred relics of Sri Ramakrishna was briefly shifted to Uttiramerurthe shrine has been a place of many spiritual and cultural events.
All the seva ritual-service to Sri Ramakrishna were done here as per the norms and procedures laid by Swami Ramakrishnananda. Swami Brahmananda ordained Swami Yatiswarananda into Sannyasa in this shrine.
Swami Vireswarananda, the 10th president of the Order, was invested with brahmacharya vows here. Several eminent monks of the order such as Swami AshokanandaSwami PrabhavanandaSwami Akhilananda and many others have lived and performed intense spiritual practices in this building.
With a seating capacity ofthe main hall was the place where most weekly and Jayanthi day discourses were held for several decades. This was the main hall for all important pujas, public meetings and celebrations till Durga puja in image was held here again inand Many National leaders such as C.
RajagopalachariMorarji DesaiK. Kamaraj and others have spoken on various occasions. On the occasion of th birthday celebration of Holy Mother Sri Sarada Devi, fibre glass statue of the Holy Mother was placed here in — after taking it around in a procession in various parts of Tamil Nadu.
Since the yearafter the new Universal Temple of Sri Ramakrishna was consecrated in the same premises in the site adjacent to the library, the Old Temple is used for meditation, occasional classes and meetings for students and devotees. Sri Ramakrishna Math completed years of its service in The shrine of Sri Ramakrishna set up in was too small to accommodate the growing number of devotees.
The idea of universal temple was conceived and Swami Bhuteshanandaji Maharaj, the 12th president of Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission, laid the foundation stone for the Universal Temple on 1 Decemberand realized by the temple architect G Venkataramana Reddy. On 7 February the temple was dedicated by Swami Ranganathanandathe 13th president of the Ramakrishna Order. The present head, from is Swami Gautamananda.
The Madras Math is today the largest publication house of the Ramakrishna Order.
In the same year was published Swami Ramakrishnananda's Universe and Man. About a decade later Swami Ashokananda translated the second volume. Swami Sharvananda translated eight principal Upanishads and the series become most popular. Swami Tapasyananda translated into English a great many Sanskrit texts, including Srimad Bhagavata published in 4 volumes in the year Another of his books, The Bhakti Schools of Vedantahas been much acclaimed by scholars. The Vedanta Kesari was started in and has over the years built up a good reputation for its authenticity and scholarship.
Sri Ramakrishna Vijayam, started inhas today the largest circulation among religious journals in Tamil. It is worth mentioning that the Telugu publication wing of the Ramakrishna Order was in Chennai since its inception till when it was transferred to Hyderabad, during which period all the Telugu books and the Telugu Monthly Sri Ramakrishna Prabha used to be published from Chennai.
The Math's educational activities were initiated by Swami Ramakrishnananda even during the Ice House days. Moved by the pitiable condition of a few boys who had lost all their relatives in plague epidemic, Swami Ramakrishnananda felt that something must be done for the relief and rehabilitation of this type of orphans.
With the meager means at his command he had already given shelter in the Math to two orphan students. He exhorted two of his young and earnest devotees, Sri Ramaswami Iyengar and Sri Ramanujachari to take up the responsibility of running an orphanage.
A humble beginning was made on 17 February with seven inmates housed in a small rented house on Kesavaperumal Southward street at Mylapore. Thanks to the dedicated labour of Ramu and Ramanuju, aided by a band of selfless workers and sympathetic public, the orphanage was soon able to take in more boys.
It changed its quarters five times before shifting to a plot of land donated by Sri S.
The foundation stone for the new building was laid by Swami Brahmananda on 16 May and the orphanage moved to its new building in May In a residential high school was started so that the orphans could study within the campus itself. The Math took over its management in In a school for boys was started at T.
Nagar was taken over by the Math inand additional wings like an elementary school, a training school and hostels were incorporated. In June was started the Vivekananda College at Mylapore. Since the educational activity has expanded enormously, the institutions have been divided into separate Ramakrishna Mission centres for facilitating efficient administration.
Under the Madras Math's direct control there are at present:.
The history of the Ramakrishna Order's relief services is as old as that of the Mission itself. Besides their multifarious permanent constructive works, from their very inception, the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission have been ever ready to promptly organise ameliorative and healing services whenever the nation has been faced with sudden calamities caused by freaks of nature, follies of men, or scourges of epidemics.
Its relief activities have also extended well beyond Indian borders. For the famine in Bengal, Swami Ramakrishnananda appealed for funds in the Brahmavadin and sent a substantial amount for the relief work. In and, twenty years later, inwhen some huts caught fire at Mylapore, the Math organised prompt aid and relief.
The Math created a colony for the affected families with the help of plot of land given by the Government. It was named Ramakrishnapuram. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
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